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1: J Immunol 2001 May 15;166(10):6236-41Related Articles, Books, LinkOut
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A critical role of Fc receptor-mediated antibody-dependent phagocytosis in the host resistance to blood-stage Plasmodium berghei XAT infection.

Yoneto T, Waki S, Takai T, Tagawa Yi, Iwakura Y, Mizuguchi J, Nariuchi H, Yoshimoto T.

Department of Allergology and Center for Experimental Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Plasmodium berghei XAT is an irradiation-induced attenuated variant derived from the lethal strain P. berghei NK65, and its blood-stage parasites are spontaneously cleared in immune competent mice. In the present study, we studied the mechanism of host resistance to blood-stage malaria infection using P. berghei XAT. Infection enhanced Ab-dependent phagocytosis of PRBC by splenic macrophages in wild-type C57BL/6 mice. In contrast, FcR gamma-chain knockout (FcRgamma(-/-)) mice, which lack the ability to mediate Ab-dependent phagocytosis and Ab-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity through FcgammaRI, FcgammaRII, and FcgammaRIII, could not induce Ab-dependent phagocytic activity. These FcRgamma(-/-) mice showed increased susceptibility to the P. berghei XAT infection, with eventually fatal results, although they produced comparable amounts of IFN-gamma by spleen cells and anti-XAT Abs in serum. In addition, passive transfer of anti-XAT IgG obtained from wild-type mice that had recovered from infection into FcRgamma(-/-) mice could not suppress the increase in parasitemia, and almost all of these mice died after marked parasitemia. In contrast, passive transfer of anti-XAT IgG into control wild-type mice inhibited the increase in parasitemia. IFN-gamma(-/-) mice, which were highly susceptible to the P. berghei XAT infection, failed to induce Ab-dependent phagocytic activity and also showed reduced production of serum anti-XAT IgG2a isotype compared with control wild-type mice. These results suggest that FcR-mediated Ab-dependent phagocytosis, which is located downstream of IFN-gamma production, is important as an effector mechanism to eliminate PRBC in blood-stage P. berghei XAT infection.

PMID: 11342646 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]